Chocolate... An historical scrap:
and chocolate have a common history
Cocoa word is derivative from two words in Indian Maya
language, it means ''the bitter juice'', and so chocolate word
means in Maya language 'the sour juice''
Chocolate started with cocoa seed which has been for many
centuries mashed and eaten, the chocolate history has
elongated since 2000AD up to date.
The history tells us the beginning of this wonderful sweet, it
was said that on 1519, the Spanish discoverer ''Fernando
Cortez'' tasted cocoa which was the favorite drink to
''Montezuma 2nd'' the last Aztec emperor.
Cortez noticed that Aztecs used to treat the cocoa seeds like
valued jewels, they used to prepare the coca seeds as a hot
drink to their leaders and call it chocolate 'the warm
drink'', its taste was bitter, Cortez added sugar to it,
They went back to Spain with this drink, Colombus was the
first who brought cocoa to Spain after his fourth trip to the
new world, Colombus discovered America on 1542,he brought many
plants and harvests, he also brought dark black seeds from
However, due to the loads in his ship, the cocoa pod was
neglected at that time, and nothing was known about the way of
using those seeds until 1599,the method of making the drink
was hidden to and kept reserved for the nobles to enjoy this
drink alone, the Spanish people have kept the secret for over
100years ,but at last the secret has been revealed and the
drink became famous in other countries, some Spanish monks
revealed the secret of those seeds, it never passed a long
time, this drink became popular all over the world.
middle of the sixteenth century, the chocolate drink got a
wide fame in France, one of the French traders opened the
first shop to sell hot chocolate drink in London, in the
seventeenth century, the chocolate shops in England compete
with coffee shops, in 1765 the first chocolate factory was
opened in Massachusetts colony.
In 1847 an English company invented the idea of producing the
solid chocolate as we know it these days.
The Dutch chemist' 'konard van hooten' 'invented a cocoa
squeezer which enabled the sweets manufacturers to make the
chocolate sweets by mixing cocoa butter with sugar powder. in
1876 the milk was added to the chocolate in Vevy city in
Switzerland, one of the manufacturers developed the milk
chocolate industry by adding the condensed milk to the liquid
chocolate, this liquid is collected as a secondary product
unfermented from the inside part of the cocoa seed.
The Swiss added a soft shape to chocolate by an industrial
operation called ''conchange'' which means the shell shape of
the old fermentation pots which look like shell; they used to
mix the chocolate parts until it becomes soft.
This is how the chocolate industry developed on the Swiss
hands and became famous all over the world.